In Canada, consumer proposals, bankruptcies, receiverships, and division I proposals, are filed only by licensed insolvency trustees. In fact, a bankruptcy cannot be filed through a bankruptcy lawyer and lawyers who are practicing are not even able to become trustees. Unlike the United States, where a bankruptcy attorneys file bankruptcies, that is not the role of an insolvency lawyer in Canada.
What role does a licensed insolvency trustee play?Bankruptcy trustees are licensed, extensively trained, and overseen by the federal government to administer debt solutions for Canadians. They understand the insolvency process and work with all stakeholders involved including you (the debtor) and your creditors.A licensed insolvency trustee reviews your financial situation in detail and provide you with all available options and ensures that you understand everything about the process. Licensed insolvency trustees then help you with all of the required documentation, administer the bankruptcy or consumer proposal process, and take care of your creditors going forward.
What role do bankruptcy lawyers play in Canada and when do I need a bankruptcy lawyer?
Bankruptcy lawyers cannot file a bankruptcy for you in Canada.Bankruptcy lawyers get involved in the rare situation when something is unusual in your bankruptcy or proposal or a conflict occurs between you and the Trustee or creditors. A few examples of situations where an insolvency lawyer could be involved in the insolvency process:
- revival of a failed consumer proposal which the Trustee is unable to use its powers to revive
- the Trustee discovers a transfer of property or property not disclosed to the Trustee
- a creditor opposes your discharge from bankruptcy and the outcome of a negotiation is unclear
- the individual is deceased and an application to Court is required for approval to file a bankruptcy or proposal
- unusually complicated situations with complex assets